Organizational Development

They try to conform to norms because they want to maintain their relationships in the team and they want to meet team expectations. Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing. The storming stage is the most difficult and critical stage to pass through. It is a period marked by conflict and competition as individual personalities emerge.


During the Norming stage of team development, team members begin to resolve the discrepancy they felt between their individual expectations and the reality of the team’s experience. If the team is successful in setting more flexible and inclusive norms and expectations, members should experience an increased sense of comfort in expressing their „real“ ideas and feelings. Team members feel an increasing acceptance of others on the team, recognizing that the variety of opinions and experiences makes the team stronger and its product richer. Members start to feel part of a team and can take pleasure from the increased group cohesion. Forming storming norming performing describes the four essential stages of team development, as first codified in the work of psychologist Bruce Tuckman in 1965. Each of these words represent one stage in the model, which individuals inevitably must go through as they form a group into a team.

What is storming in a team?

Storming. This is the second stage of team development, where the group starts to sort itself out and gain each others‘ trust. This stage often starts when they voice their opinions; conflict may arise between team members as power and status are assigned.

In a swarm stage, the whole team comes together to solve a single problem as one unit. Once the team has addressed the issue, the members disperse back to their own tasks. Swarming can happen between any of the four traditional stages, but it’s most common between norming and performing. In the Performing stage, the team makes significant progress towards its goals.

Business Analysis Glossary

What everyone needs most is a clear understanding of their part in the journey. According to group development theory, team dynamics play a big part in pushing people past average and into exceptional success. During the Ending Stage, some team members may become less focussed on the team’s tasks and their productivity may drop. Alternatively, some team members may find storming performing focussing on the task at hand is an effective response to their sadness or sense of loss. In agile software development, high-performance teams will exhibit a swarm behavior as they come together, collaborate, and focus on solving a single problem. Swarming is a sometime behavior, in contrast to mob programming, which can be thought of as swarming all the time.

Forming Storming Norming Performing: Stages Of Team Development

The team begins to develop a sense of confidence, momentum, and ease with their various duties and roles. The need for immediate and constant github blog oversight decreases from its maximum in the storming stage. The swarming stage is most common in the software development sector.

Why are the 5 stages of group development important?

Understanding the five stages of team development enables you to get teams started, resolve conflicts more smoothly, share information effectively, achieve top results, and then review outcomes to keep finding ways to improve.

Consequently, not all groups are able to move past the storming stage. As a team leader, you will need to find a way to help your team members work together effectively. Often storming issues are exacerbated by a lack of clarity over the scope of the project or assignment of responsibilities across the team.

Wellness Rituals That Will Refresh Your Productivity

As new tasks arise, groups may still experience a few conflicts. If you’ve already dealt with disagreement before, it will probably be easier to address this time. During the norming stage, people start to notice and appreciate their team storming performing members‘ strengths. Some teams skip over the storming stage or try to avoid conflict at whatever cost. In the performing stage, consensus and cooperation have been well-established and the team is mature, organized, and well-functioning.

storming performing

Commitment to the team’s mission is high and the competence of team members is also high. Team members should continue to deepen their knowledge and skills, including working to continuously improving team development. Accomplishments in team process or progress are measured and celebrated.

Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing V

Whether or not you’re already familiar with the premise underlying the Tuckman framework, in this article we’ll give a concise overview of the best thinking around how teams form and improve. During the storming stage of group development, it’s vital to remember that conflict is both necessary and expected when forming a new group or embarking on a new project. Normalizing conflict can help you, your teammates and the group leader respectfully and effectively solve any disagreements. Knowing each stage of development can help you create all-star teams that deliver amazing results. (Sadly, not a perfect rhyme.) Once a project ends, the team disbands.

storming performing

Reviewed by: